Globally, violence resulted in the deaths of an estimated 1. In , assault by firearm was the leading cause of death due to interpersonal violence, with , such deaths estimated to have occurred. The same year, assault by sharp object resulted in roughly , deaths, with a remaining , deaths from personal violence being attributed to other causes. Violence in many forms is preventable. There is a strong relationship between levels of violence and modifiable factors such as concentrated poverty , income and gender inequality, the harmful use of alcohol, and the absence of safe, stable, and nurturing relationships between children and parents.